We do not have the medals of any of the men named on this site. The medal ribbons shown on the individual record pages are an indication of the medals awarded that we have been able to trace during our researches. It is possible that the men named were entitled to wear other medals awarded for conflicts prior to World War One, or that they may have served in the Second World War and were entitled to medals for that war that we do not know of. We apologise if we have made any errors in medal entitlement and we will correct them as soon as we are informed.
The list below will explain the award criteria for each of the medals
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Awarded for an act of meritorious or distinguished service in wartime and usually when under fire or in the presence of the enemy.
The Military Cross (MC) Awarded for gallantry during active operations in the presence of the enemy.
The Military Medal The Military Medal (MM) was a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other arms of the armed forces, and to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land. The award was established in 1916, with retrospective application to 1914, and was awarded to other ranks for "acts of gallantry and devotion to duty under fire". The award was discontinued in 1993 when it was replaced by the Military Cross.
The General Service Medal This medal was instituted to recognise service in minor Army operations where no separate medal was intended.
The Queen's South Africa Medal Awarded to military personnel who served in the Boer War in South Africa between 11 October 1899 and 31 May 1902.
The King's South Africa Medal Awarded to all those who were in theatre on or after 1 January 1902 who had completed 18 months service in the conflict prior to 1 June 1902. This medal when awarded is always paired with the Queen's South Africa Medal.
The Transport Medal This campaign medal was awarded to masters and officers of merchant ships that were used to move men or equipment to either South Africa during the South African War (1899-1902) or to China in the Boxer Rebellion.
The Meritorious Service Medal This is awarded for distinguished service or for gallantry principally by non-commissioned officers of all British armed forces. There are three variations of ribbon for this award: Pre-1916 - crimson; 1916-1917 - crimson with white edges; 1917- - crimson with white edges and a white central stripe.
Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal 1897 This medal was awarded to members of the Royal Family and the court, guests and dignitaries present at the celebrations of Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee and to selected soldiers and sailors who formed the jubilee parade in London.
The 1914 Star This medal was awarded to all officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British and Indian Forces, including civilian nursing sisters, nurses and other employed with military hospitals, who actually served in France or Belgium, on the establishment of a unit of the British Expeditionary Forces, between 5 August 1914 and midnight on the 22/23rd November 1914. It could not be awarded on its own and was always accompanied by the British War Medal and the Victory Medal.
The 1914-15 Star To qualify for this medal a soldier had to serve in a theatre of war between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. However if the soldier had already qualified for the 1914 Star he would not be awarded the 1914-15 Star.
The British War Medal This medal had complex award criteria but basically to be eligible the serviceman or women had to enter theatre of war or serve overseas between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. This medal could be the sole medal entitlement and this is often the case for soldiers garrisoning India.
The Victory Medal This medal was awarded to all servicemen and women who served in a theatre of war between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 and automatically qualified its recipient for the British War Medal. The Victory Medal was never awarded on its own.
The Victory Medal with Oak leaves signifying Mentioned in Dispatches If a man was mentioned in dispatches he would wear a Victory Medal with Oak Leaves.
The Territorial Force War Medal This medal was awarded to personnel of the Territorial Force and Territorial Force Nursing Services who volunteered for service overseas on or before 30 September 1914 if they had been serving with the force on 4 August 1914 or had completed 4 years of service with the force before 4 August 1914 and rejoined the force on or before 30 September 1914. In addition, they had to agree to serve outside the UK, or have served outside the UK between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. Holders of the 1914 Star or the 1914-15 Star were not eligible for this medal.
The 1939-45 Star The 1939–1945 Star was awarded for operational service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945, the duration of the Second World War. Two clasps were instituted to be worn on the medal ribbon, along with rosettes to be worn on the ribbon bar of the medal to denote the award of a clasp.
The 1939-45 War Medal Awarded to subjects of the British Commonwealth who had served full-time in the Armed Forces or the Merchant Navy for at least 28 days between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.
The Defence Medal The Defence Medal was awarded for non-operational service in the Armed Forces, the Home Guard, the Civil Defence Service and other approved civilian services during the period from 3 September 1939 to 2 September 1945 inclusive.
The Atlantic Star This medal was awarded to subjects of the British Commonwealth who took part in the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War.
The Africa Star The Africa Star was awarded for a minimum of one day's service in an operational area of North Africa between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943.
The Silver War Badge The badge was initially issued to officers and men who were discharged or retired from the military forces as a result of sickness or injury caused by the war service. After 1918 it could also be awarded to civilians working with the Royal Army Medical Corps.